Centrepointe Medical Consultants
  • Hepatitis A
  • Hepatitis B
  • Typhoid Fever
  • Japanese Encephalitis
  • Traveller's Diarrhea
  • Meningococcal Disease
  • Yellow Fever
  • Rabies
  • Cholera
  • Influenza
  • Polio
  • Malaria

Travelling from Ottawa to Africa: Recommended Vaccines

Travelling to warm and sunny Africa is a dream come true for many Ottawa residents. To make sure that your trip goes uninterrupted by infections, Centrepoint Medical Consultants offers vaccines against the following diseases:

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis B

Typhoid Fever

Meningococcal Disease

Traveller's Diarrhea

Yellow Fever

Rabies

Cholera

Polio

Influenza

Malaria

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A is a disease caused by a virus that affects the liver. It causes flu-like symptoms: stomach pain and jaundice. Jaundice makes your skin and eyes look yellow.


Hepatitis A is spread through contaminated food and/or water, as well as from person to person. It is relatively common in tropical and developing countries in Africa, Southeast Asia and the Caribbean. You should also consider vaccination when travelling to Latin and South America, Greenland, Asia and certain destinations in Europe.

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is a disease caused by a virus that affects the liver. It causes flu-like symptoms, stomach pain and jaundice. Jaundice makes your skin and eyes look yellow.


Hepatitis is spread through contaminated/infected blood and body fluids, such as semen and sperm. Hepatitis B is prevalent all over the world, and it is the most common sexually transmitted disease. It can be contracted in East Asia, the Americas and Europe.


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Traveller's Diarrhea

Traveller's Diarrhea is the most common medical problem among travellers to developing countries. The disease can begin suddenly. It can be hard to cope with in an unfamiliar place. It usually takes 3-5 days, but it can last 2 weeks or more.


People are more likely to get traveller's diarrhea from consuming contaminated or uncooked food or water. Consider vaccinating against traveller's diarrhea when going to Central and South America, Asia and certain destinations in Europe.


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Yellow Fever

Endemic in sub-Saharan Africa and South America, yellow fever has dramatically re-emerged in many areas during recent years with most cases believed to go unreported.


Most countries have regulations for yellow fever prior to entry. Certain countries outside endemic zone require vaccination for travellers arriving from an endemic-zone country.

Rabies

Rabies is common in many developing countries in the Americas, Asia and Europe. Vaccinations are especially recommended to those travelling to Mexico and India. Rabies has a high mortality rate.

Cholera

Cholera is an acute bacterial infection which causes severe diarrhea and dehydration. Without treatment, it can be fatal. Cholera is found in Africa, Asia and the Middle East, as well as some parts of the Americas and Europe.


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Polio

Wild Poliovirus was eradicated in the Western Hemisphere in 1991. However, an outbreak of vaccine-derived poliovirus type 1 occurred in the Dominican Republic and Haiti in July 2001.


Reservoir countries in Africa and Asia include Bangladesh, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, India, Nepal, Nigeria, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Angola, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan and Tajikistan. Cases of polio also occur in Australia.

Malaria

Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease caused by a parasite. People with malaria often experience fever, chills, and flu-like illness. Left untreated, they may develop severe complications and die. Each year, 350-500 million cases of malaria occur in Africa, Asia, the Americas, Australia and Europe, and over one million people die. Most of them are young children in sub-Saharan Africa.

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